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英语语态题怎么做?
发布时间:2018-07-06

做语态题时,可根据不同情况采取“找标法”(寻找时间标志词)、“呼应法”(主从句时态呼应)、“搭配法”(固定搭配)、“语境法”等解题技巧

识别标志词

如果题干中有标志性的时间状语,则往往可以根据时间状语选择相应的时态?

[例]①Morethan a dozen students in that school ________ abroad to study medicine lastyear.

A.sent         B. were sent

C.had sent      D. hadbeen sent

[解析]此题有明显的时间标志词last year,提示我们应该使用一般过去时;句中的主语students是被送的对象,应该使用被动语态?答案为B?2动词的时态一般都有其相应的时间状语,请同学们熟记下列8种常用时态所对应的时间状语?

(1)一般现在时:often,always, usually, seldom, now, every day, nowadays等?

Nowadays,there is a growing concern over/on/about…

(2)一般过去时:then,yesterday, last week, after that, ago, in the following/next few months等?

(3)现在进行时:now,right now, at present, at this moment, these days等?

I’mwriting now to express my views concerning/about…

Wewill be successful as long as we concentrate on study, as a senior high schoolstudent.

(4)过去进行时:then,at that time, at this time yesterday等?

(5)现在完成时:recently, lately, up to/till now, so far, in the past/last few months/years…,for+一段时间, since + 一点时间等?

Fromwhat has been discussed above so far, we may reasonably arrive at a conclusionthat…

(6)过去完成时:before,by the end of last month/years…等?

(7)一般将来时:tomorrow,today, next week/month…, in an hour, in the coming/following few weeks等?

(8)过去将来时:thefollowing month, the next week等?


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